Tuesday, June 29, 2010
Saturday, June 26, 2010
Monday, June 21, 2010
Ubuntu 9.10 is already installed on a machine and you want to dual boot it with Windows 7. Dual booting with Windows 7 already installed is easy as described here. The reverse is not that difficult either. You first resize your Ubuntu partition, then create a Windows NTFS partition, you can do so using Ubuntu Live CD or a Gparted Live CD. Then boot with Windows DVD and install it. The problem is that the Grub would be gone and you won’t be able to boot into Ubuntu anymore.
This post discusses the easy way of restoring Grub2 using Ubuntu Live CD. Boot with the Ubuntu Live CD. Now mount the partition which has Ubuntu installed on it. If you had a separate partition for /boot then you would have to mount that too. Mounting the partitions is super easy. Just go to Places in the top Gnome menu and try browsing to your corresponding partition by clicking on it. It would automatically get mounted and open in nautilus.
Now just run the following command to install Grub2 in the Master Boot Record (MBR) of your first booting hard drive.
sudo grub-setup -d /media/XXXXX/boot/grub -m /media/YYYYY/boot/grub/device.map /dev/sda
Where XXXXX represents the name or UUID of the partition that you have mounted. If your /boot partition is separate from your / partition then YYYYY above would be different from XXXXX, else both of them would be identical. The command above assumes that /dev/sda is your primary or first device in hard disk boot order. If not then replace it with /dev/sdb or sd_ fill the blank with appropriate letter.
After you have run the command, reboot and you should be able to boot in Ubuntu but not in Windows, to fix it run the following command in a terminal and Grub boot list would be updated to include Windows in it. Also if you want to change boot order read this.
Thursday, June 17, 2010
It may be downloaded here: http://dl.dropbox.com/u/2156706/PortableCAT.zip
On a pc with a preinstalled operating system from the market leader you can find a lot of free applications to use for your translation work (FOSS = free and open source software). We propose a collection of the following applications (please download USBTrans):
- Office (text processing, presentation, spreadsheet, database): Open Office
- PDF: Sumatra PDF-Reader
- WWW-Browser: Mozilla Firefox
- Calendar: Mozilla Sunbird
- HTML Editor: Kompozer
- Website-Download: WinHTTrack
- Translation Memory: OmegaT
- TM Alignment: BiText2TMX, AlignAssist
- Translation File Management: Max Utilities
- Translation File Management: Enlaso Tools
- Concordancer: TextStat
- Concordancer: AntConc
- Terminology Management: Foreign-Desk TermBase
- Concept Systems and Hierarchies: CMap Lite
- Mindmaps and Hierarchies: Freemind
- Video Subtiling: SubTitleWorkshop
- Video Subtiling: Jubler
- Project Management: OpenProj
- File Management: muCommander
- Reference Management: JabRef
- Reference Management: Zotero
- Password Management: KeePass
- AntiVirus ClamWin
- CD/DVD: InfraRecorder
- Video, Audio: MPlayer, Audacity
- Image Management: Irfanview
- Unit Conversion: ConvertAll
Some interesting tools can be found here: http://www.linguoc.cat and here: http://leuce.com/tempfile/omtautoit
tuxtrans, the successor to PCLOSTrans, is a Desktop GNU/Linux System developed for translators on the basis of the well-known distribution Ubuntu. It is a full fledged operating system, and it also includes a broad collection of software applications which allow a translator to do his/her job most efficiently and in line with the latest standards.tuxtrans is based on free software and open source and in particular on Ubuntu 10.04 LTS Lucid Lynx.
uxtrans features a Gnome desktop which makes it relatively easy to migrate from other operating systems. You can install other desktops or window managers easily from the software repositories. tuxtrans uses Ubuntu 10.04 LTS (long term support) as its basis which guarantees long term support for the operating system and a stable two year release cycle.
tuxtrans comes with a lot of applications suited to the everyday tasks of the translator or everybody dealing with multilingual texts. The software ranges from an office suit and DTP software to highly specialized translation memory systems: see the complete list of applications and software packages installed
tuxtrans comes as a multilingual system (EN, DE, IT) with English (en-us) as the default locale. We tried to reduce the volume of the iso file and now include only three locales, although for Ubuntu there are available many other locales provided the system is connected to the internet. To change the system and user interface language to one of the other two preinstalled languages (DE, IT) or to any other locale please consult the languages page.
tuxtrans is a live DVD or USB system: This means that - once you have downloaded and burned it onto a blank DVD disk or copied it to your USB stick (see get it - you may insert it into your DVD/USB drive, switch on your pc and start experimenting or even working without affecting your local hard disk and data: the tuxtrans live DVD/USB does not change anything on your harddisk. Bear in mind, though, that working from the DVD/USB drive is considerably slower than a full local install.
A relatively modern PC with Intel architecture is enough to run it: Pentium 4 processor or compatible, 512 RAM and a 6 GB harddisk. These specifications are required mainly by the desktop and OpenOffice. You will also need a bootable DVD or USB drive to start the system.More info on: http://www.uibk.ac.at/tuxtrans
Wednesday, June 16, 2010
|Dictionare poliglote si sisteme de traducere|
|Dictionare explicative, enciclopedii|
|Dictionare Tehnica si Internet|
|Dictionare de medicina si biologie|
|Dictionare de filosofie|
|Dictionare de religie|
|Referate pentru elevi|
|Referate pentru studenti|
Masteratul European de Traductologie-Terminologie se adresează absolvenților cu diplomă de licență din cele mai diverse domenii care doresc să urmeze o carieră de traducător specializat, terminolog, revizor, specialist în subtitrare și localizare.
În 2008 masteratul a fost complet restructurat pentru a răspunde cerințelor sistemului Bologna și exigențelor rețelei europene European Masters in Translation coordonată de Direcția Generală Traduceri a Comisiei Europene .
- Membrii rețea EMT
- Direcția Generală Traduceri a Comisiei Europene – program Visiting Translator Scheme
- Rennes II, Franta, - program TRADUTECH European Students Programme
- Universidad de Alcala, Spania – program ERASMUS
- Bamberg Universität, Germania
- Asociația Traducătorilor din România
Director program: conf. dr. Anca Greere
1. Calificarea: TRADUCĂTOR SPECIALIZAT, TERMINOLOG, REVIZOR
2. Durata studiilor: 2 ani
3. Concursul de admitere:
a) PROBA SCRISĂ
5. Date de admitere:
Friday, June 4, 2010
oggenc [ -hrQ ] [ -B raw input sample size ] [ -C raw input number of channels ] [ -R raw input samplerate ] [ -b nominal bitrate ] [ -m minimum bitrate ] [ -M maximum bitrate ] [ -q quality ] [ --resample frequency ] [ --downmix ] [ -s serial ] [ -o output_file ] [ -n pattern ] [ -c extra_comment ] [ -a artist ] [ -t title ] [ -l album ] [ -G genre ] input_files ...
Descriptionoggenc reads audio data in either raw, WAV, or AIFF format and encodes it into an Ogg Vorbis stream. oggenc may also read audio data from FLAC and Ogg FLAC files depending upon compile-time options. If the input file "-" is specified, audio data is read from stdin and the Vorbis stream is written to stdout unless the -o option is used to redirect the output. By default, disk files are output to Ogg Vorbis files of the same name, with the extension changed to ".ogg". This naming convention can be overridden by the -o option (in the case of one file) or the -n option (in the case of several files). Finally, if none of these are available, the output filename will be the input filename with the extension (that part after the final dot) replaced with ogg, so file.wav will become file.ogg
- -h, --help
- Show command help.
- -v, --version
- Show the version number.
- -r, --raw
- Assume input data is raw little-endian audio data with no header information. If other options are not specified, defaults to 44.1kHz stereo 16 bit. See next three options for how to change this.
- -B n, --raw-bits=n
- Sets raw mode input sample size in bits. Default is 16.
- -C n, --raw-chan=n
- Sets raw mode input number of channels. Default is 2.
- -R n, --raw-rate=n
- Sets raw mode input samplerate. Default is 44100.
- --raw-endianness n
- Sets raw mode endianness to big endian (1) or little endian (0). Default is little endian.
- -Q, --quiet
- Quiet mode. No messages are displayed.
- -b n, --bitrate=n
- Sets target bitrate to n (in kb/s). The encoder will attempt to encode at approximately this bitrate. By default, this remains a VBR encoding. See the --managed option to force a managed bitrate encoding at the selected bitrate.
- -m n, --min-bitrate=n
- Sets minimum bitrate to n (in kb/s). Enables bitrate management mode (see --managed).
- -M n, --max-bitrate=n
- Sets maximum bitrate to n (in kb/s). Enables bitrate management mode (see --managed).
- Set bitrate management mode. This turns off the normal VBR encoding, but allows hard or soft bitrate constraints to be enforced by the encoder. This mode is much slower, and may also be lower quality. It is primarily useful for creating files for streaming.
- -q n, --quality=n
- Sets encoding quality to n, between -1 (very low) and 10 (very high). This is the default mode of operation, with a default quality level of 3. Fractional quality levels such as 2.5 are permitted. Using this option allows the encoder to select an appropriate bitrate based on your desired quality level.
- --resample n
- Resample input to the given sample rate (in Hz) before encoding. Primarily useful for downsampling for lower-bitrate encoding.
- Downmix input from stereo to mono (has no effect on non-stereo streams). Useful for lower-bitrate encoding.
- --advanced-encode-option optionname=value
- Sets an advanced option. See the Advanced Options section for details.
- -s, --serial
- Forces a specific serial number in the output stream. This is primarily useful for testing.
- Prevents comments in FLAC and Ogg FLAC files from being copied to the output Ogg Vorbis file.
- -o output_file, --output=output_file
- Write the Ogg Vorbis stream to output_file (only valid if a single input file is specified).
- -n pattern, --names=pattern
- Produce filenames as this string, with %g, %a, %l, %n, %t, %d replaced by genre, artist, album, track number, title, and date, respectively (see below for specifying these). Also, %% gives a literal %.
- -X, --name-remove=s
- Remove the specified characters from parameters to the -n format string. This is useful to ensure legal filenames are generated.
- -P, --name-replace=s
- Replace characters removed by --name-remove with the characters specified. If this string is shorter than the --name-remove list, or is not specified, the extra characters are just removed. The default settings for this option, and the -X option above, are platform specific (and chosen to ensure legal filenames are generated for each platform).
- -c comment, --comment comment
- Add the string comment as an extra comment. This may be used multiple times, and all instances will be added to each of the input files specified. The argument should be in the form "tag=value".
- -a artist, --artist artist
- Set the artist comment field in the comments to artist.
- -G genre, --genre genre
- Set the genre comment field in the comments to genre.
- -d date, --date date
- Sets the date comment field to the given value. This should be the date of recording.
- -N n, --tracknum n
- Sets the track number comment field to the given value.
- -t title, --title title
- Set the track title comment field to title.
- -l album, --album album
- Set the album comment field to album.
Note that the -a, -t, and -l options can be given multiple times. They will be applied, one to each file, in the order given. If there are fewer album, title, or artist comments given than there are input files, oggenc will reuse the final one for the remaining files, and issue a warning in the case of repeated titles.
Advanced Encoder Options
Oggenc allows you to set a number of advanced encoder options using the --advanced-encode-option option. These are intended for very advanced users only, and should be approached with caution. They may significantly degrade audio quality if misused. Not all these options are currently documented.
- Set the lowpass frequency to N kHz.
- Set a noise floor bias N (range from -15. to 0.) for impulse blocks. A negative bias instructs the encoder to pay special attention to the crispness of transients in the encoded audio. The tradeoff for better transient response is a higher bitrate.
- Set the allowed bitrate maximum for the encoded file to N bits per second. This bitrate may be exceeded only when there is spare bits in the bit reservoir; if the bit reservoir is exhausted, frames will be held under this value. This setting must be used with --managed to have any effect.
- Set the allowed bitrate minimum for the encoded file to N bits per second. This bitrate may be underrun only when the bit reservoir is not full; if the bit reservoir is full, frames will be held over this value; if it impossible to add bits constructively, the frame will be padded with zeroes. This setting must be used with --managed to have any effect.
- Set the total size of the bit reservoir to N bits; the default size of the reservoir is equal to the nominal number of bits coded in one second (eg, a nominal 128kbps file will have a bit reservoir of 128000 bits by default). This option must be used with --managed to have any effect and affects only minimum and maximum bitrate management. Average bitrate encoding with no hard bitrate boundaries does not use a bit reservoir.
- Set the behavior bias of the bit reservoir (range: 0. to 1.). When set closer to 0, the bitrate manager attempts to hoard bits for future use in sudden bitrate increases (biasing toward better transient reproduction). When set closer to 1, the bitrate manager neglects transients in favor using bits for homogenous passages. In the middle, the manager uses a balanced approach. The default setting is .2, thus biasing slightly toward transient reproduction.
- Set the average bitrate for the file to N bits per second. When used without hard minimum or maximum limits, this option selects reservoirless Average Bit Rate encoding, where the encoder attempts to perfectly track a desired bitrate, but imposes no strict momentary fluctuation limits. When used along with a minimum or maximum limit, the average bitrate still sets the average overall bitrate of the file, but will work within the bounds set by the bit reservoir. When the min, max and average bitrates are identical, oggenc produces Constant Bit Rate Vorbis data.
- Set the reaction time for the average bitrate tracker to N seconds. This number represents the fastest reaction the bitrate tracker is allowed to make to hold the bitrate to the selected average. The faster the reaction time, the less momentary fluctuation in the bitrate but (generally) the lower quality the audio output. The slower the reaction time, the larger the ABR fluctuations, but (generally) the better the audio. When used along with min or max bitrate limits, this option directly affects how deep and how quickly the encoder will dip into its bit reservoir; the higher the number, the more demand on the bit reservoir.
The setting must be greater than zero and the useful range is approximately .05 to 10. The default is .75 seconds.
Simplest version. Produces output as somefile.ogg:
Specifying an output filename:
oggenc somefile.wav -o out.ogg
Specifying a high-quality encoding averaging 256 kbps (but still VBR).
oggenc infile.wav -b 256 out.ogg
Specifying a maximum and average bitrate, and enforcing these.
oggenc infile.wav --managed -b 128 -M 160 out.ogg
Specifying quality rather than bitrate (to a very high quality mode)
oggenc infile.wav -q 6 out.ogg
Downsampling and downmixing to 11 kHz mono before encoding.
oggenc --resample 11025 --downmix infile.wav -q 1 out.ogg
Adding some info about the track:
oggenc somefile.wav -t "The track title" -a "artist who performed this" -l "name of album" -c "OTHERFIELD=contents of some other field not explictly supported"
This encodes the three files, each with the same artist/album tag, but with different title tags on each one. The string given as an argument to -n is used to generate filenames, as shown in the section above. This example gives filenames like "The Tea Party - Touch.ogg":
oggenc -b 192 -a "The Tea Party" -l "Triptych" -t "Touch" track01.wav -t "Underground" track02.wav -t "Great Big Lie" track03.wav -n "%a - %t.ogg"
Encoding from stdin, to stdout (you can also use the various tagging options, like -t, -a, -l, etc.):
oggenc - Source: